What Buddhism and science can teach each other– and


Buddhism Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain These are attempting times. A worldwide economic downturn stimulated by the coronavirus pandemic, and prevalent civil unrest, have actually developed a flammable mix of angst– stress factors that heighten the threat for long-term health problems. The Centers for Illness Control and Avoidance just recently provided standards to manage this stress and anxiety. Amongst them is meditation.

Buddhists have been familiar with this method for thousands of years. And as the CDC example reveals, researchers significantly believe they can gain from Buddhism.

Momentum for dialogue in between Buddhism and science originates from the top. When Tenzin Gyatso– now functioning as the 14th Dalai Lama– was a kid in rural Tibet, he saw the moon through a telescope and marveled at its craters and mountains. His tutor informed him that, according to Buddhist texts, the moon produced its own light. But Gyatso had his doubts. He found what Galileo saw 400 years earlier, and he became persuaded that dogma needs to bend to observation.

As the Dalai Lama, Gyatso has taken part in dialog with researchers since. “If science showed some belief of Buddhism wrong, then Buddhism will have to alter,” he has stated.

These are striking words from the leader of a significant world religion. Many Americans think science and religious beliefs clash. But Buddhists accept development as the source of human origins more than any other religious group.

As a professor of astronomy who has been teaching Tibetan monks and nuns for over a years, I’ve discovered them to be extremely receptive to science as a method of comprehending the natural world.

The program I teach started in reaction to the Dalai Lama’s desire to inject science into the training of Buddhist monastics. In our spartan classroom– the windows are open to catch a breeze in the monsoon heat and monkeys chatter in the evergreen outside– we talk cosmology.

The monks and nuns eagerly take in the current research study I provide– dark energy, the multiverse, the big bang as a quantum event. Their questions are basic but extensive. They approach discovering with delight and humility. Outdoors class, I see them applying critical believing to decisions in their every day lives.

Yes, the Buddhist monastic tradition has actually been rebooted with a dose of 21st-century science. However how has Buddhism influenced science?

Buddhists as skeptics

Scientists are significantly using Buddhist wisdom for insight into numerous research study topics and to light up the human condition. When psychologists use Buddhist concepts in their work, for example, they discover their patients are less likely to display bias against people outside their social and religious group. And researchers have used the harmonic principles constructed into Buddhist “singing” bowls to develop more efficient photovoltaic panels.

Both disciplines share an empirical method. Buddhists are trained to be skeptics, and to only accept a proposition after analyzing proof. The following words are credited to the Buddha: “Simply as a goldsmith would evaluate his gold by burning, cutting, and rubbing it, so must you examine my words and accept them, not simply out of respect for me.”

Many studies show that meditation has a positive result on health and well-being. EEG tests to determine monks’ brain waves supply evidence. Monks and other professional meditators produce high levels of gamma brain waves, which have a series of benefits to cognitive functioning.

Meditation also benefits the immune system. And it’s been revealed to minimize mind wandering, which increases joy and decreases anxiety. Meditation can even slow the rate of brain atrophy. In one amazing case, meditation may have shaved 8 years off a Buddhist monk’s brain.

Western researchers and Buddhist scholars have also collaborated on among the extensive secrets of the human experience: awareness. Researchers have used neuroscience to support the concept of an ever-changing self. Neuroscientists have actually designed the sense of self in regards to moving networks and circuits in the brain. Your sense of a stable and rooted “you” is an impression, they concluded.

Christof Koch is a leading specialist on consciousness. Koch and his associate Giulio Tononi have come up with an audacious theory of consciousness. They argue that it’s not localized and can not be determined in any part of the brain. They likewise compose that plants, animals and microbes can be mindful. Their theory “deals with awareness [as] an intrinsic, basic home of reality.”

Wait. The self is nowhere and consciousness is all over? This seems like Zen sophistry rather than clinical analysis. But I see it as a sign of the productive convergence of Western science and Eastern viewpoint.

It’s early to determine what this ambitious research will provide. But it shows that input from Buddhist thought is requiring researchers to question their methods, presumptions and logical constructs. Koch and Tononi, for example, are less interested in the physical systems and localized structures of the brain than they are with the network of short-term connections that may underlie awareness.

The very best lesson Buddhism has for science concerns balance. In his gentle way, the Dalai Lama chastises scientists for not paying sufficient attention to the negative ramifications of their mission for understanding. He writes: “It is all too obvious that our moral thinking simply has actually not had the ability to keep pace with the speed of clinical improvement.”

In a struggling world, being directed by science but insisting that it reflect human worths may be the very best advice of all.

How do Buddhists deal with coronavirus? The response is not simply meditation Offered by The Discussion

This post is republished from The Conversation under an Innovative Commons license. Read the initial post.The Conversation

Citation: What Buddhism and science can teach each other– and us– about deep space (2020, June 16) obtained 21 January 2021 from https://phys.org/news/2020-06-buddhism-science-universe.html

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