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The Four Noble Truths and The Eightfold Course Discussed

When Buddha reached Enlightenment, he chose to spread his teachings. He understood that life produced suffering and that in order to be devoid of it, we need to observe specific ways and know specific wisdom. With that, he taught the most essential aspects of Buddhism, the Four Noble Truths and

the Eightfold Path. The 4 Noble Truths explains how suffering is part and parcel of our lives but there is constantly respite from it. On the other hand, the Eightfold Path teaches the proper way of living in order to achieve flexibility from suffering and knowledge.

The 3 Jewels of Buddhism Prior to we enter into the 4 Noble Truths and the Eightfold Course, let us initially take a look at the core of Buddhism which is the 3 Gems. The

  • 3 Jewels are: The Buddha The Dharma and The Sangha

    . The Buddha The Enlightened One or Siddhartha Gautama or Gautama Buddha. The Buddha is only recognized Buddha to mankind, nevertheless it is stated that there were numerous Buddhas that came before him and there will be future Buddhas to come. He is the teacher who received the understanding on how to accomplish Nirvana. He journeyed to teach others how to totally free one’s self from Dukkha or suffering.

    The Dharma

    Dharma is specified actually as the cosmic order. It is known in Buddhism as the mentors of the Buddha towards the liberty from the Dukkha. The Dharma is primarily a philosophical way to live not just for enlightenment however likewise all the mentors about daily life, relationships, working and making money, household and all aspects of life are taught in the Dharma.

    The Sangha

    The Sangha literally suggests community, assembly or association in Sanskrit. It is a group of people normally Buddhist monks and nuns who teach and promote the teachings of Buddha to others. They are people who have at least attained one of the four levels of Enlightenment.

    The Four Noble Truths

    There are 4 Noble Realities that exist regarding Dukkha. Dukkha is suffering. And suffering is constant. Whatever around us triggers suffering, even those that bring about satisfaction considering that they are all impermanent. This impermanence makes us yearn for and desire them more leaving us in a state of dissatisfaction and hence suffering.

    Have you ever got up in the early morning sensation like you ‘d rather just return to bed and not get up to face the day? Have you ever consumed a slice of cake sensation regretful that it would make you fat or have you ever had icecream desiring another scoop and getting that next scoop and another one and another one till you have consumed the entire pint? Well this in essence is suffering. A human’s battle to live and satisfy the impulses of the body.

    1. The Truth of Suffering

    The Truth of Suffering states that we remain in a constant state of desiring, yearning, suffering, pain and sadness. We go through life with different feelings and hence it causes us chaos. This likewise associates with the point of being reborn into a state of desiring and suffering once again.

    2. The Fact of the Reason For Suffering

    The Truth of the Reason for Suffering states that WE SUFFER BECAUSE WE DESIRE. Desire is the main factor for suffering. Preferring, be it a good idea or a bad thing can trigger us discomfort. Even life needs causes suffering. Desire and requiring food triggers cravings. Preferring shelter and not having it causes homelessness. Even wanting to live causes us to suffer.

    Human beings’ greatest desire is LIFE itself. To be able to survive in a natural body that is doomed to whither and die eventually. We fear death because we desire life. And this worry of death a great deal of times brings us suffering.

    You might see desire in lots of forms. The desire for cash. We work too hard due to the fact that we think that if we have cash we will be more comfy. We want love, we feel depressed and lonesome without it. We prefer acceptance. We want material things. We prefer power. We desire lots of things and hence WE SUFFER.

    3. The Reality of the Liberty From Suffering

    The Third Reality of the Four Noble Truths states that Dukkha can stop if we cease to stick on to desire. We can find Nirvana and liberty if we no longer desire things, people, cash and even the need to hold on to life. Yes life is precious however we need not be afraid of death. We need not hesitate of cravings.

    By accepting that desiring things causes suffering we can discover how to curb and lose those desires. When you desire nothing, then you have actually reached the initial step towards enlightenment.

    But removing desire from our hearts and our minds is DIFFICULT. Buddha knew this, and hence he stated the last teaching of the 4 Noble Truths, which is the Reality of Freedom from Suffering Through the Eightfold Course.

    4. The Truth of Course of Liberation from Suffering

    Buddha understood that being man, we are exposed to desires, hurt, pain, suffering, delusion and anger. He knew that man is fallible and for this reason he produced an Eightfold Course that teaches the Right Ways of Life. When followed, we can live towards the attainment of Nirvana.

    The Eightfold Path

    The Eightfold Path is the third circle in the core of mentors of Buddha. These mentors are classic, philosophical yet practical ways of living life. By following the Eightfold Course, one can live a life loaded with empathy, virtue and hence achieve Enlightenment.

    1. Right View

    2. Right Intention

    3. Right Action

    4. Right Speech

    5. Right Livelihood

    6. Right Effort

    7. Right Mindfulness

    8. Right Meditation

    1. Right View

    The Right View or the Right Understanding means having the ability to comprehend that life has lots of suffering. We require to welcome the 4 Noble Truths and gain from it. It means to understand life, death and rebirth. It suggests comprehending the path towards Enlightenment. It states to understand the 3 Marks of Existence such as IMPERMANENCE, NOT SELF (releasing one’s selfishness and ego) and SUFFERING.

    The Right View integrates comprehending the Three Marks of Existence, Four Noble Truths and understanding Karma. Generally it is understanding and comprehending the mentors of the Buddha. Because wisdom is the essential to Knowledge, we must seek to understand it.

    2. Right Objective

    Our intents shape our thoughts and actions. They signify us on how to feel, think and react on life and the people around us. Buddha teaches that we require to have the intent to be the NOT SELF or releasing our selfishness. We need to embody mindfulness and less of greed, deception and desire.

    3. Right Action

    Right Action means not engaging in evil acts such as killing and hurting sentient beings, stealing, sexual misconduct, taking in intoxicants such as alcohol and drugs. Buddha teaches us that we require to turn away from cruelty and evil acts and only partake in acts of generosity and love. We need to show empathy and care towards others.

    4. Right Speech

    Right Speech states that “It is spoken at the right time. It is spoken in truth. It is spoken passionately. It is spoken beneficially. It is consulted with a mind of good-will.”– AN 5.198.

    This suggests that one ought to only speak if the words will help others, if what is being stated is true, the speech must be kind and useful and finally an individual must speak only to promote good-will.

    This indicates that we need to avoid slander, chatter, argumentative speech, false witness to another and words spoken in spite. We must never spread out reports and attempt to prevent nagging.

    5. Right Livelihood

    Right Income implies not doing harms ways of making money. It means not dedicating prostitution, selling intoxicants or offering dead animals. However some Buddhists argue regarding the sale of meat.

    To the lay individual, Right Income suggests practicing generosity, dutifulness and good conduct when working. It asks you “how does your job aid you and others minimize suffering?”. It likewise asks you if you are able to live a well balanced life despite of your work.

    6. Right Effort

    The Right Effort implies being able to combine Action and Intention in order to achieve liberty from suffering. It suggests overlooking desires that cause suffering to one’s self and other. It means reserving time for meditation. It implies not catching immoral sexual desires. It suggests to be practicing mindfulness when it is most challenging to do so.

    Without the Right Effort, all the mentors of Buddhism can not be followed by anyone, be it an ordinary person or a member of the Sangha. A person needs to put effort into achieving Knowledge.

    7. Right Mindfulness

    Right Mindfulness implies being able to practice mindfulness in every moment of one’s life. Mindfulness means understanding the precise minute you are residing in, not dwelling in the previous or the future. It also indicates bearing in mind others.

    Mindfulness teaches us to live in the present. To work when work is needed, to rest when we are worn out and to avoid doing so many things at the same time. It suggests living fully in each moment that is given to us.

    How do you do this? Have you ever been on a beach but rather of accepting it’s charm, you take out your phone and take a photo. Or have you ever had dinner however you scroll on you phone rather of talking to individuals around you. This is where mindfulness is available in. It implies you have to live life IN THE NOW.

    This is one of the most beneficial mentors of The Buddha in the present day when we are constantly pressed to multitask.

    8. Right Meditation

    Right Meditation or Concentration is the capability to let the mind focus on something, usually your breath. Given that the world is full of things that we relate to, our minds race all the time. We fail to focus. By finding out to practice meditation, we released the world around us. We commune rather with our inner beings. This in turn communicate deep space.

    It is stated that the busier you are the more you must practice meditation. Why? Since meditation is the remedy to stress, suffering, anger, hate and all that is churning in our hearts and mind. When we meditate, we discover peace. If the mind is at peace, you will have the ability to live a life of goodness and virtue.

    Buddhism and Everyday Life

    Buddhism is one of the most practical teachings known to male. These mentors which began centuries ago are still suitable now. These precepts such as the Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Course teach us that we ourselves can conserve us from suffering. We have the power within us to discover Knowledge

    However Knowledge requires commitment and to complimentary one’s self from suffering, one need to follow these teachings daily.

    Source

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