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Mentors of Buddha [Ancient Indian History NCERT Notes For UPSC]

Gautam Buddha’s teachings focus on the middle course of the living, the eight-fold course to enlightenment, and four worthy facts. This short article will supply you with appropriate NCERT notes on Buddha, Buddha’s philosophy and mentors of Gautam Buddha, for the IAS Examination.

NCERT notes on crucial topics for the UPSC Civil Services Test. These notes will likewise work for other competitive tests like banking PO, SSC, state civil services examinations, and so on.

Gautam Buddha & His Teachings Notes:- Download PDF Here

Gautam Buddha– Truths for UPSC

  • Buddhism was established by Gautama Buddha.
  • Buddha was born as Prince Siddhartha at Lumbini near Kapilavastu (in present Nepal) in 566 BC.
  • He was the son of Suddhodhana and Mahamaya. Suddhodhana was the chief of the Sakya clan. Due to this, Buddha was likewise referred to as ‘Sakyamuni’.
  • His mother passed away either bring to life him or after seven days. Siddhartha was raised by his maternal auntie, Prajapati Gautami. This provided him the name ‘Gautama’.
  • He was married to Yashodhara and had a child, Rahula.
  • He left his house at the age of 29 to end up being an ascetic. This event is called Mahabhishkramana.
  • The concept of renunciation struck the Buddha after he saw four various states of male– sick man, old man, remains and ascetic.
  • Buddha roamed for seven years and at the age of 35 achieved enlightenment at Uruvela while practicing meditation under a Peepal tree (Fig Tree/ Ficus Religiosa) on the banks of the river Niranjana. This tree happened referred to as ‘Bodhi tree’ and the place became Bodh Gaya (in Bihar).
  • He provided his first preaching at Sarnath near Varanasi. This occasion is called Dharmachakra Pravartana/ Dhammachakkappavattana.
  • He passed away in 483 BC under a Sal tree in Kushinagar (in UP). This occasion is called the Mahaparinirvana.
  • The term ‘Buddha’ implies ‘informed one’.
  • Essential contemporaries of Buddha were Mahavira Jaina, Kings Prasenjit, Bimbisara and Ajatasatru.

Buddhist Philosophy/Teachings of the Buddha

The mentor are discussed below:

  • It teaches the Middle Course renouncing extreme steps like indulgence and rigorous abstinence.
  • The 4 noble truths (Arya Satya) in Buddhism are:
4 Noble Truths– Buddhism Information for UPSC
1. The world is full of sorrow
2. Desire is the root cause of all sorrow
3. Sorrow can be dominated by conquering desire
4. Desire can be dominated by following the eight-fold paths (Ashtangirka Marga)
  • The eight-fold course in Buddhism is:
Eightfold Course in Buddhism
Right understanding
Right deal with
Right speech
Right action
Right living
Right efforts
Right thought
Right self-concentration.
  • The Tri Ratnas of Buddhism are: Buddha, Dhamma and Sangha. Information are pointed out below:
Triratnas of Buddhism Significance of Triratnas
Buddha: the highest spiritual potential in everybody.
Dhamma: the teachings of Buddha (Pali for Sanskrit Dharma or righteousness)
Sangha: order of monks who follow Buddhism.
  • Buddha did not believe in God or the soul.
  • Stressed on karma and ahimsa.
  • He was against the varna system. Buddha taught in Pali.
  • Buddhism infected a number of nations outside India. China embraced Buddhism in the first century ADVERTISEMENT. [/su_box]

Gautam Buddha & His Teachings Notes:- Download PDF Here

The table below lists a couple of important posts in continuation with the subject above as part of our series on NCERT Ancient Indian History Notes for UPSC 2021.

UPSC Preparation:

Source

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