Tibetan Buddhism is differed, intriguing and abundant in customs. It has numerous deep viewpoints and teachings. Most of these mentors come from extremely enlightened monks of Tibetan Buddhism. Condensing Tibetan Buddhism into one post or into five fundamental tenets is hard since the teachings are vast. However this has been tried in this post to make it much easier for people who are new to Tibetan Buddhism to comprehend what it is about. Tibetan Buddhism originated from Indian Buddhism, Tantric mentors, and Chinese Buddhism. Most of the practises of Tibetan Buddhism practised now originates from mentors brought in by Buddhist masters from India. Thus there is a lot of Sanskrit, and some Indian routines in Tibetan Buddhism.
Tibetan Buddhism The 4
Noble Truths and Eight Fold Path This is the most fundamental teaching of Buddhism and is found across each and every single sect of Buddhism. These mentors were the very first teachings taught by Sakyamuni Buddha when he obtained knowledge and form the crux of the rest of Buddhist approach.
Four Noble Truths
The Four Noble Truths in essence explains the nature, occurring, cessation, and path to cessation of suffering.
1. The First Noble Truth says, birth is suffering, death is suffering, aging is suffering, and illness is suffering. Association with discomfort is suffering and dissociation with pleasantness is suffering. In essence, accessory to the five aggregates is suffering.
2. The Second Noble Fact states that the reason for suffering comes from yearning for extension, yearning for non-continuation, and craving for sensuous satisfaction.
3. The Third Noble Reality says that there is a possibility of the cessation of suffering.
4. The Fourth Noble Truth explains the course to the cessation of suffering. This path is called the Noble Eight Fold Path.
Noble Eight Fold Course
1. Right View – Understanding and acceptance of the 4 Noble Facts (above-mentioned).2.
Right Idea- The thought of having good-will, renunciation, and non-violence.3.
Right Speech – Refraining from false, or harmful, or Idle, or rough speech.4.
Right Action – Avoiding eliminating living beings, taking, and sexual misbehavior.5.
Right Income – Avoiding engaging in livelihoods which hurt oneself or others.6.
Right Endeavour – One makes an effort to improve their mind or action when an unwholesome idea occurs or action is done.
7. Right Mindfulness – Reflection of the nature of the body, mind, sensations, and other phenomena. The nature according to Tibetan Buddhism is that everything is naturally empty and short-term.
8. Right Concentration – Focusing the mind on meditative states, and on the practise to end suffering.
Karma and Reincarnation
What is Karma in Tibetan Buddhism?
Karma is a Sanskrit word which means action. The idea of Karma is really essential in Buddhism. Contrary to popular belief, Karma is not just cause and effect or repercussion. It likewise basically indicates the action every being does at every moment. This in turn sets a chain of occasions in movement where every action has an outcome. Some types of actions have immediate outcomes, and other types of actions have results which appear much later (perhaps years and even lifetimes later). Buddhists believe that doing wholesome deeds and believing wholesome thoughts is good Karma or excellent action which will have benefits later. The kind deeds will generate a positive mentality which in turn will impact the lives and future lives of the doer.
What is Reincarnation in Tibetan Buddhism?
Buddhists likewise believe in rebirth and reincarnation. This is an especially strong belief in Tibetan Buddhism. It is thought that beings are born on various realms of existence like animal realm, human world, godly realm, ghost realm, etc depending upon the Karma dedicated in various lives. If you do bad karma, then your renewal will be in a low realm befitting your actions until you consume the consequences of that action. Additionally, if you do great Karma, your birth will be in a beneficial world where you will delight in a good life till the fruits of your action are consumed. Beings take birth after birth in different airplanes of presence depending on their karma until they attain knowledge after which they will run out rebirth.
The idea of reincarnation on the other hand is a little different. A reincarnate is called a Tulku in Tibetan Buddhism. Reincarnation is likewise a kind of renewal however there is a basic distinction between them. Rebirth is an involuntary process which is due to one’s karma. Reincarnation on the other hand is a voluntary procedure, not based on Karma, where the Tulku picks to be born once again. The Tulku will choose where and when to reincarnate. An examples of famous Tulkus who have actually picked to reincarnate are the Dalai Lama, Karmapa, Panchen Lama, and so on. It is thought that this occurs through the power of the Tulku’s compassion and prayer. The function of reincarnation is to keep returning to lead all sentient beings into knowledge. Therefore, by coming back the Tulku hold-ups his/her own enlightenment for the advantage of other beings. The new Tulku is recognized using a series of visions, dreams, divination, consulting of oracles, and sometimes the Lama prior to he passes away gives instructions for where he will reincarnate. This is something that can be done only by the monks specified by the Lama and can not be done by any federal government company or external force.
Bodhisattva Concept of Tibetan Buddhism and Its Functions
Bodhisattva is also a Sanskrit word indicating a being of knowledge. A Bodhisattva is essentially a Buddha in training who has actually not yet achieved complete enlightenment. In Tibetan Buddhism, Bodhisattvas are caring beings who delay their own knowledge in order to very first lead other beings to enlightenment. They take vows called Bodhisattva swears to assist all sentient beings to realise their Buddha nature prior to understanding their own knowledge. A few of the famous Bodhisattvas regularly seen in Tibetan Buddhism are Chenrezig (Sanskrit: Avalokiteshvara), Manjushri, and Samantabhadra. There are many other Bodhisattvas however these are the most popular ones in Tibet. The Dalai Lama is said to the be the emanation of the Bodhisattva of Empathy, Chenrezig.
Each Bodhisattva takes a vow to free all beings. They command different aspects. The Bodhisattva Kshitigarbha for example, has actually taken the vow to free all beings in hell realms and also departed children. Likewise other Bodhisattvas have take vows in different locations. Most Tibetan Buddhists adhere to the Bodhisattva ideal instead of going for entirely their personal enlightenment. This is a concentrated practise in numerous sects of Tibetan Buddhism.
Lama is a Tibetan word meaning chief or high-priest, and it is a title offered to the instructors of Tibetan Buddhism (Dharma). Tibetan Buddhism is sometimes called Lamaism, although this is not completely precise. But the principle of Lama is rather unique to Tibetan Buddhism. Lamas are typically considered guide and teachers in the path to Dharma. In Tantric practises of Buddhism, they may appear together with the principal divine being of the practitioner (called Yidam), together with other tantric guides such as Dakinis (female tantric guides or goddesses), and other Buddhist deities. Generally the title Lama was provided just upon those Buddhist masters who had some level of spiritual achievement or enlightenment. Nowadays Lama is utilized to refer to almost all monks, and in some cases even nuns.
Tibetan Buddhism is often called Lamaism. Some monks who are reincarnate Tulkus might have Lama connected to their names as a title. An example of this would be the Dalai Lama, Panchen Lama, etc. The Lama custom is practically synonymous with Tibetan Buddhism. It had its roots in Bon traditions however was merged into Tibetan Buddhism when Buddhist masters began coming into Tibet.
Mantra, Meditation and Mandalas
The last section which will be covered in this article is on Mandalas, Meditation and Mantra. These three practices are also synonymous of Tibetan Buddhism and culture. While Mandalas, Meditation and Mantra make an excellent alliteration, they are not always practised together!
Mantra is a Sanskrit word which approximately means a set of syllables or words that are changed repetitively. Mantras have deep philosophical significances and are utilized in several practises in Tibetan Buddhism. At its the majority of basic level a mantra is utilized as a type of meditation. Mantras are said to represent enlightenment. Mantras in Tibetan Buddhist practise is typically associated with a divine being. For instance, the mantra “Om Mani Padme Hum” is related to Chenrezig (the Bodhisattva of compassion).
Mandalas Meditation is something that is extremely intrinsic and a vital part of Buddhism in basic. Therefore it is not a surprise that Tibetan Buddhism has an abundant tradition of meditation. There are many meditation methods in Tibetan Buddhism that one article would not suffice to discuss them. This short article will quickly explain about meditation. Buddhist meditation can be limited to two main types – Analytical and Concentrative.
Meditation The very first category of meditation is Analytical meditation. This includes strategies mentioned in texts such as Lam Rim (Gradual course to enlightenment), using reasoning to examine parts of the identity, awareness, mind, and so on
. The 2nd category, which is more popular is called Concentrative meditation. This involves strategies such as duplicating a mantra, or concentrating on the breath or a flame, and so on. In concentrative meditation, the point is to still the mind and direct its focus towards one particular thing just. A lot of Tibetan meditation strategies use a mix of both analytical and concentration techniques. Popular meditation strategies are Dzogchen, Mahamudra, and shouting.
Mandalas are spiritual and ritual symbols which represent the entire cosmos. Mandalas are normally made by skilled, skilled monks and they utilize coloured sand to create the mandalas. Mandalas take weeks to make and include a group effort by various monks. There are unique routines conducted in the past, throughout, and after the mandala building.Mandalas
Mandalas also represent the principle of Samsara or cyclic existence (birth, death, and renewal). Images of Buddhas, animals, skulls, and fire prevail symbolisms in mandalas. These represent knowledge, renewal in lower worlds, death, etc. Mandalas also represent impermanence, a crucial element of Buddhist viewpoint. After the painstaking work involved in constructing a mandala, it is destroyed in one sweep by a broom. This is to represent the impermanence of all phenomenon. Also mandalas are used as meditation help in Tantric practises, where the specialist ponders the mandala as a visual guide and as a representation of knowledge.
Tibetan Buddhism is rich in deep philosophy, cultural customs, and routines. For someone looking from an outsider’s perspective it can appear complicated and even primitive. But it is far from any of that. Tibetan Buddhism has deep, logical philosophies on life, death, renewal, and presence. Most of these insights are originated from the abundant meditation and contemplation culture in Buddhist practise. To fully delight in the elements of Tibetan Buddhism, a background knowledge as well as an open mind is necessary.
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